July 9, 2023
How the Franchise Registration States Work.

How the Franchise Registration States Work


Franchising is regulated by both federal and state laws in the United States. While federal laws provide overarching guidelines, individual states also have their own specific laws and regulations that govern various aspects of franchising. Here’s an overview of how state laws work for franchising:


1. Franchise Disclosure Laws

Many states have their own franchise disclosure laws that require franchisors to provide certain information to prospective franchisees before the sale of a franchise. These laws aim to ensure transparency and protect prospective franchisees from fraudulent or misleading business opportunities. Franchise disclosure documents (FDDs) must comply with both federal and state laws and include information about the franchisor, franchise fees, initial investment, obligations of both parties, litigation history, and other relevant details.


2. Registration and Filing Requirements

Some states require franchisors to register their FDDs or file certain documents with state regulatory agencies before offering or selling franchises in that state. The registration process typically involves submitting the FDD and paying a registration fee. The registration and filing requirements vary by state, and franchisors must adhere to the specific regulations of each state where they plan to offer franchises.


3. Relationship Laws

Some states have enacted relationship laws that govern the ongoing relationship between franchisors and franchisees. These laws regulate aspects such as termination and non-renewal of franchise agreements, restrictions on franchise transfer, franchisee rights, and dispute resolution mechanisms. Relationship laws can impact the contractual agreements and obligations between the franchisor and franchisee and may provide additional protections for franchisees.


4. Advertising and Marketing Laws

State laws also govern advertising and marketing practices in franchising. Franchisors must comply with state-specific advertising regulations, including rules regarding the use of earnings claims, testimonials, and other promotional materials. Some states have specific requirements for advertising disclosures and may impose penalties for non-compliance.


5. Business and Occupational Licensing Laws

Franchise businesses are subject to general business and occupational licensing requirements imposed by state and local governments. Franchisees must obtain necessary licenses and permits to operate their franchised businesses, such as business licenses, health permits, and professional certifications. The specific licensing requirements vary by state and industry.


6. Dispute Resolution

State laws may dictate the methods of dispute resolution, such as mediation or arbitration, in the event of conflicts between franchisors and franchisees. Franchise agreements may specify the jurisdiction and venue for resolving disputes and may include provisions regarding the choice of law and enforcement of arbitration awards.


It’s important for franchisors and franchisees to consult with legal professionals who specialize in franchise law to ensure compliance with federal and state regulations. The franchisor must carefully navigate the state-specific requirements and tailor their franchise offering and operations to adhere to the laws of each state where they operate. Franchisees should also be aware of their rights and obligations as outlined by the applicable state laws before entering into a franchise agreement.


For more information on Franchise Registration States, visit the FMS Franchise Site:



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